An independent leg ulcer study has found that two-layer compression hosiery kits are as effective at healing leg ulcers as four-layer compression bandages.
The results of The Venous Leg Ulcer Study – a randomised controlled trial – were published in The Lancet in March 2014, supporting the case that leg ulcer hosiery kits are both clinically effective for patients and cost-effective for the NHS.
Two-layer compression hosiery kits, which are used for venous leg ulcer management, have been found to:
The conclusion of the VenUS IV study was that by using two-layer compression hosiery to treat venous leg ulcers patients had “more quality-adjusted life-years”, with fewer nurse consultations needed, compared with four-layer bandage treatment. In addition, compression hosiery is less reliant on applicator skill making it popular with patients and health care professionals.
The VenUS IV study suggests that using two-layer compression hosiery within the community can save the NHS an average of £300 per patient for complete treatment of venous leg ulcers, compared to the current standard practice using four-layer compression bandages.
The study feels that “increased use of compression hosiery kits is likely to result in substantial saving for the NHS with improved quality of life for people with venous leg ulcers”.
“In the hosiery group, 24 of 167 (14%) participants had ulcer recurrence compared with 41 of 176 (23%) in the bandage group. In the economic analysis, the average mean costs were about £300 lower per participant per year in the hosiery group than in the bandage group. This difference was mainly caused by more frequent nurse consultations in the bandage group than in the hosiery group.”Ashby RL et al. (2014)
|Two layer hosiery kits||Four layer bandages|
|Median time to healing||99 days||98 days|
|Proportion of ulcers healing||70.9%||70.4%|
|Mean annual cost||£1,493.90||£1,795.30|
|Ulcer recurrence rate||14%||23%|
Findings from the Venous Leg Ulcer Study IV: a randomised controlled trial. NB The Activa Leg Ulcer Hosiery kits were used in this trial. 230 patients in the two-layer hosiery group. 224 patients in the four-layer bandage group.
Mark Hudston, Senior Product Manager (Hosiery), comments: “The results of this trial provide further evidence, to what we’ve been hearing from working with nurses up and down the country – that Activa hosiery is ideally suited to treating patient leg ulcers, and in some situations, in place of compression bandages.”